Google maintains three separate 'channels' of Chrome - stable, beta and dev - that denote increasingly rougher-edged editions.
Computerworld ran Chrome 9 and 10 three times each through V8 and SunSpider on a Windows 7 PC, then averaged the three scores.
Chrome 10 beta was 64 percent faster than Chrome 9 in V8, but only a statistically-insignificant 0.1 percent faster in SunSpider.
Two months ago, Google engineers explained why SunSpider scores for a Crankshaft-equipped Chrome show little, if any, improvement over browsers that don't include the optimisation technology.
"The idea [in Crankshaft] is to heavily optimise code that is frequently executed and not waste time optimising code that is not," said the engineers. "Because of this, benchmarks that finish in just a few milliseconds, such as SunSpider, will show little improvement with Crankshaft. The more work an application does, the bigger the gains will be."
Other additions to Chrome 10 beta include hardware-accelerated video, a change to how the browser's options are displayed, automatic password synchronisation and a new security feature that automatically disables older plug-ins.
The new hardware acceleration shifts some of the video load onto the computer's graphics processor, thus reducing the impact on the system's CPU. Google said the new technology was still under construction, and the feature in Chrome 10 beta was a "preliminary implementation".
Passwords are now synched by default with Chrome's integrated synchronisation tool, which also keeps bookmarks, extensions, apps and other settings consistent across copies of Chrome running on different machines.
The browser now also automatically disables out-of-date plug-ins to keep users safer - plug-ins have become a major target of hackers, who aim exploits at vulnerable versions. Nearly 80 percent of the browsers used by consumers require patching, a security firm said this week, with most of the unfixed flaws residing in plug-ins such as Oracle's Java and Adobe's Reader.
Mozilla's Firefox includes similar protection, warning users when they're about to use an obsolete plug-in.
Users can download Chrome 10 beta from Google's site.
If Google keeps to its usual six-to-eight-week schedule, most if not all of the features in the beta will make it into the stable version in late March or early April.
See also: Google Chrome hits 10% market share