DoCoMo and Mitsubishi plan to replace 1.3 million batteries made by Sanyo because they may overheat and catch fire.
The batteries were manufactured before June of this year and are used in NTT DoCoMo's D902i handset. Some may have also been used in two other models of Mitsubishi phone, the D902iS and D903iS, the companies said. The batteries carry the model number D06.
"In rare cases there is a slight deformation of the electrode plate that causes it to come into contact with the insulation sheet, and hence the insulation sheet can become damaged," said Richard Sedgwick, a spokesman for Sanyo in Tokyo. "If the battery was also damaged through an outside side, for example if the user dropped the battery, then the problem could occur."
DoCoMo said it has confirmed one case of the battery rupturing because of the problem and knows of 17 other cases where the D06 battery has ruptured or overheated. The carrier said the battery had been subject to an "extremely strong impact" in a number of the cases.
Sanyo said it began examining ways of strengthening the electrode in April this year as a precautionary measure against possible problems, but at the time had not heard any reports about actual problems. Batteries with stronger plating on the electrode began rolling off the company's production line in June, so today's advisory concerns only batteries manufactured until May.
The problem brings back memories of Sony's battery problems of earlier this year. Around 9.6 million Sony-manufactured laptop computer batteries were recalled or voluntarily replaced by many laptop PC vendors after batteries in several PCs overheated and caught fire. The problem was traced back to metal particles that had gotten into the battery during manufacturing.
Sony estimated the problems will cost it around ¥51 billion (£226m) this financial year.
Sanyo said that it has yet to work out with DoCoMo and Mitsubishi the part it will play in the replacement.
Sanyo and Sony are two of the world's largest manufacturers of lithium-ion batteries.