Here is a look back at the 15 years of wars, lawsuits, and standards the web browser has brought us.
October 13 marks the 15th birthday of the web browser. This is the date the first commercial web browser, Netscape Navigator, was released in beta.
While researchers including World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee and a team at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications created Unix browsers between 1991 and 1994, Netscape Navigator made this small piece of desktop software a household name.
By allowing average users to view text and images posted on websites, Netscape Navigator helped launch the internet era along with multiple browser wars, government-led lawsuits and many software innovations.
Here is a look back at the most important points in the 15 years of wars, lawsuits, and standards the web browser has brought us.
October 13, 1994
Mosaic Communications - later renamed Netscape Communications - releases the beta version of its web browser, called Mosaic Netscape 0.9.
It was based on the Mosaic code developed by the NCSA, and Mosaic co-author Marc Andreessen was a co-founder of Netscape.
The browser was later renamed Netscape Navigator. Version 1.0 was released on December 15. Navigator was the first commercial web browser to be wildly successful, rapidly achieving 90 percent market share before Microsoft entered the fray and took over the market.
April 30, 1995
Six months after Netscape released its browser, web traffic became the leading type of traffic on the internet. For example, web traffic accounted for 21 percent of the traffic on the National Science Foundation's NSFNET backbone, while the number two usage, File Transfer Protocol, accounted for 14 percent of the traffic, according to livinginternet.com.
This was a sign of the rapid adoption of Navigator, which saw 50 million copies distributed in its first two years, according to BusinessWeek.
NEXT PAGE: Microsoft muscles in
- We chart some of the most important points in the history of the web browser
- Microsoft muscles in
- Mozilla's creation
- AOL buys Netscape
- Firefox is released
- Web browsers top internet vulnerability list
- Microsoft releases IE8
- Netscape founder backs new browser