We look at the world's ten biggest 'spam kings' to see who deserves the title of King of Kings.
Current Status: Las Vegas DJ
Back when many would-be spam kings were still stealing sweets from their playmates, Sanford Wallace was doing his best to make anyone with an email account regret it. By 1996 - long before 'spam' meant anything other than luncheon meat to the vast majority of us - Wallace had already been banned from AOL, CompuServe, and Concentric Networks for distributing reams of unsolicited ads. He pioneered the use of tactics like using bogus return addresses, anonymous relaying, and browser hijacking.
Though officially 'retired' from the spam biz in 1998, Wallace continued to inflict pain upon netizens. In 2004 the FTC fined him more than $5m (£2.9m) for infecting computers with spyware, then selling users a $30 (£17) program to remove it. Last May, the FTC fined Wallace and partner Walter Rines $230m (£133.6m) for using phishing attacks to compromise MySpace accounts and distribute porn spam to users of all ages.
Brian McWilliams, author of the book Spam Kings, says Wallace is the worst of a bad breed. "Many people who follow the spam scene thought Sanford had reformed," McWilliams notes in an email. "But his recent phishing activities at MySpace and the spyware operation he had going just before that show that Sanford is the once and future spam king."
You get to be king by getting to the throne first and hanging on until somebody beheads you. That hasn't happened to Wallace - yet. According to press reports, the 40-year-old Wallace now works as a disc jockey in a club on the Las Vegas strip.
Spam Royalty Rank: Long Live the King