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Tech Helproom


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Windows XP Home recovery disc


jonem81

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I have a Windows XP Home SP2 PC, by SONY. It has 3.00 gigahertz Intel Pentium 4 - 8 kilobytes primary memory cache - 512 kilobyte secondary memory cache. It has 160 GB usable hard drive capacity.

The MAIN circuit board is ASUSTEK P4SD-VL

Bus clock 200 megahertz.

BIOS American Megatrends inc. 1005 10/01/2004

The Memory modules are :

1024 Megabytes Installed, Slot 'DIMM0 has 256

Slot 'DIMM1 has 256

Slot 'DIMM2 has 256

Slot 'DIMM3 has 256

It has a Radeon 9200 (display adapter)

Since I bought the PC many years ago, and as one does, I have loaded many applications and games which I believe is the reason it is slowing down.

I want to increase the installed memory as much as possible, but not sure what the maximum could be. I would like to go for 4GB total, IE 1GB per 'DIMM' socket. The Sony has given me very good service, and I want to carry on using it. After that I am going to use the Sony Recovery Disc to start afresh.

Any help would be appreciated.

jonem81

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KRONOS the First

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You can use this crucial Scanner which will tell you exactly what RAM your motherboard takes and what your max RAM is. As your motherboard is an OEM version it is difficult to find a manual for it but it looks as though PC2700 333 Mhz or PC3200 400Mhz is compatible.

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Jollyjohn

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Hello

Your title doesn't really reflect the question you are asking but here is some advice any way. I would go to the Crucial website and run the scanner - this will confirm the number of slots your motherboard has for RAM, the maximum your motherboard will support and the correct type of RAM needed. I would then look at OFFTEK to purchase the RAM from.

There is no point in going to 4GB unless you intend to install a 64 bit OS. Windows XP is a 32 bit OS and can only utilise about 3.5GB RAM

Before you start I would download and save, Service Pack 3 for XP, and an anti virus app.

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Fruit Bat /\0/\

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Slow PC

1. Software

a) Clear out all temporary files and folders -- use CCleaner http://www.piriform.com/ccleaner/download

b) Scan for malware spyware and viruses --Free Anti Spyware :- Malwarebytes http://www.malwarebytes.org/ Superantispyware http://www.superantispyware.com/download.html

Free Antivirus software MicroSoft Security Essentials http://www.microsoft.com/security/products/mse.aspx Avast http://www.avast.com/en-gb/free-antivirus-download

c) Clean the registry -- Use the tool in Crap Cleaner its very safe and also allows you to back up the registry first.

d) Pagefile (Virtual Memory) -- Right click MY Computer - select properties - Advanced tab - Performance - advanced tab - Virtual memory click change, you can put the page file on a different drive (if you have one), click custom size and set Initial size to one and a half times the amount of memory you have fitted i.e. 512MB memory = set to 768MB, set maximum to double your memory amount i.e. 512MB memory = 1024MB click ok. If your hard drive is full and there is not enough room for the pagefile this can slow down, freeze or even cause the PC to crash (restart).

e) Cut down on the programs that load at start up -- Start - Run type msconfig - start up tab- untick everything except for firewall, antivirus and antispyware

and the services that run in the background. http://www.blackviper.com/

2. Hardware

a) Hard drives /

i) IDE Channels: (Not required if you have SATA drives) Check the transfer rate, you need to have the transfer mode set to DMA not PIO. Right click My Computer - Properties - Hardware - Device Manager - Expand (click the + ) IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers right click Primary Channel - Advanced Settings Tab - If transfer Mode is PIO then follow the instructions at http://forum.digital-digest.com/showthread.php?t=61905 to change.

ii) Check for errors and defrag your hard drives -- My Computer - select drive - properties - tool tab - Error checking / Defragmentation.

ii) If you are using Windows XP, Vista or Windows 7 it's a good idea to convert your system drive to the NTFS file system if you have not already. In addition to providing numerous security and data recovery improvements over FAT32 (the file system of choice for Windows 9x/ME and XP Home) it can also speed up your system slightly.

In fact, the only real reason for sticking with the FAT32 file system for any of your data is if you have more than one operating system on your PC and the other OS's can only see FAT32 partitions (as would be the case with Windows 98, for example, which is incapable of reading NTFS data).

To convert your drives to NTFS: Right click on 'my computer' and select 'manage' From the computer management window, expand storage and select 'disk management.' Using the 'file system' column of the upper pane of this window, you can easily check what file system each of your logical drives is using. Make a note of this information. Now open a command prompt window by going to 'start\run' and typing 'cmd' To convert a disk to NTFS, type 'convert (drive letter): /fs:ntfs' So for example, if you were going to convert your C: drive, you would type 'Convert c: /fs:ntfs' at the prompt.

b) Drivers Obtain the newest drivers for your hardware This may seem a bit obvious, but keeping your system's drivers up to date can give both your performance and stability a boost. Video card manufacturers release updates especially often, and these can often give "significant boosts" to gaming performance as video card in question is "optimized."

Don't neglect the other components of your system either. Your motherboard manufacturer may have released newer versions of its Input/output drivers for your board, and sound cards and other peripherals can also benefit from newer software.

c) Memory Your memory could be failing try memtest

Add more physical memory, this of course means opening the "box" and fitting a memory module, make sure you buy one that is suitable for your PC. Crucial http://www.crucial.com/uk/ will guide you through the process of selecting the correct memory. http://support.gateway.com/s/Manuals/Desktops/8509270.pdf for a guide to fitting memory.

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woodchip

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To use the Recovery CD you may only need to start PC with it in the drive then follow what it says on screen. You may need to press a certain key to get it running or enter PC using F8 key then recover PC in list that comes up

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jonem81

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Chronus

Jollyjohn

Fruit Bat /\0/\

Hi! Everyone! Thanks for your responses, all of which I have printed out, and will study and action where you have all advised.

MUST APOLOGISE FOR DELAY IN REPLYING DUE TO ADVISOR WEBSITE FAILURE!

Will let you know eventually if/when I have updated the Sony XP.

Many,many thanks to you all,

jonem81

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