I can't imagine why.
I use headphones on Debian all the time with no problems at all.
Just go into Alsa mixer and make sure nothing that is relevant is muted or turned down. While you're there, check preferences to make sure what you need is showing. But in all honesty, the defaults should be fine.
For the purposes of clarity, are you saying your friend has all three systems on the same laptop, or simply he/she uses the headphones on different computers?