Unity 8, seen in the Ubuntu Desktop Next images and Ubuntu Touch phones, removes a controversial feature branded "spyware" by some and fixes one of Ubuntu's most long-standing complaints. When Unity 8 is stable and ready, Ubuntu won't send your local searches over the web and show you Amazon product results anymore, quelling some longstanding fears in the open-source community.
Ubuntu's big privacy headache
Ubuntu 12.04 added an extremely controversial feature--searches you perform in Unity's dash are sent over the web and you're presented with results to buy products on Amazon. So, for example, when you search for a terminal application, you're shown the 2004 movie "The Terminal" on DVD and Blu-ray for purchase.
This was probably the most contentious move in Ubuntu's history, beating out other controversies like when the first version of Ubuntu shipped with a desktop wallpaper and splash screen featuring naked models. The Free Software Foundation's Richard Stallman branded the Amazon feature "spyware." The Electronic Frontier Foundation asked Ubuntu to disable this feature and provided a guide to turning it off, saying it was "a major privacy problem."
Many Ubuntu users were upset and proclaimed they were switching to Linux Mint or another Linux distribution.I went out of my way to disable it on every Ubuntu system I used. Initially, this required manually uninstalling a package, as there was no graphical option.
Trust us, we have root
Now, this feature perhaps isn't as nefarious as it looks. To protect privacy, Canonical routed all searches through their own server rather than sending them directly to Amazon and their other web search partners. The searches went from Canonical to Amazon and other partners, and then back to you through Canonical.
In a nutshell, this means Amazon couldn't build up a picture of what you were searching and link it directly to you. That's a good thing--the feature could have been a lot worse. But could Canonical really be trusted to handle all of this data?
Canonical's response to the criticism was perceived as awfully high-handed by many. Founder Mark Shuttleworth wrote: "We are not telling Amazon what you are searching for. Your anonymity is preserved because we handle the query on your behalf. Don't trust us? Erm, we have root."
Unity 8's redesign fixes this problem
Ubuntu's Unity 8 desktop and associated software is where all Ubuntu's development focus seems to be--that's why Ubuntu 14.10 seems so familiar. This desktop environment is featured in the Ubuntu Desktop Next images; it's also the same as the Unity 8 shell seen on Ubuntu smartphones. Unity 8 is where Ubuntu will reach their dream of convergence. (Right after they get all the references to smartphones out of the desktop interface, anyway.)
Unity 8's dash, or search feature, has been redesigned to be more configurable, with scopes becoming more plug-in-like. When you perform a search in Unity 8's Dash, it searches only locally. The "scopes" that search online sources, like Amazon or the Ubuntu Software Center, are still available, with additional scopes available via a Scopes Store. However, when you search you have to specifically enable a scope like the Amazon one to search online.
This means your searches won't be sent to Amazon --or over the web--unless you click or tap the Amazon search option. As you now have to choose to search an online source, it's unclear if the feature that sends your queries through Canonical's servers to preserve your privacy will be maintained.
Will Cooke, the Desktop Team Manager at Canonical, recently outlined Canonical's schedule for getting Unity 8 out in a blog post. It could potentially be the default in Ubuntu 15.10, and should definitely be the default in Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.
This doesn't feel like a victory
So the privacy crusaders have finally won over Ubuntu! Or have we? While the problem is solved, this somehow doesn't feel like a victory. If Unity 8 makes it into Ubuntu 16.04, the problem will have existed for four years before being (inadvertently?) solved by a rewrite and design change of the desktop environment.
It's definitely an improvement, but not because Canonical necessarily listened to the outcry. It's a shame; now mainstream operating systems like Windows 8.1 and Mac OS X Yosemite all send your local searches over the web by default. Ubuntu could be planting a flag and saying "we don't do that--we're serious about privacy." Instead, all they can say is "We did that first--but we're not going to do that anymore."