If you're in the market for a cheap phone or other tech you may have noticed the crazy-cheap prices on sites such as Geekbuying, Coolicool and GearBest, but are these sites dodgy and should you buy from them? Here we examine the pros, cons and risks associated with buying grey market tech. 

For a long time now we've been talking about Chinese smartphone makers producing high-end phones with mid-range or even budget prices, which rival the far more expensive brands we're familiar with in the UK, for example Samsung, Sony, HTC, LG and Motorola. But few of these devices are available to purchase through UK network operators or retailers, and if you want to get your hands on one of these handsets (or any other tech sold overseas), your options are limited to eBay, Amazon (sometimes) and the grey market. 

You may have noticed we have recently begun reviewing some of these products on PC Advisor, supplied to us by Geekbuying, Coolicool and GearBest, so we have first-hand knowledge of dealing with these sites. While our target audience here is largely UK consumers, the internet is a global resource and we have readers in all corners of the world. 

In order to provide the best information possible in our best smartphone round-ups and the like, we want to ensure we are covering the best range of products - and that includes names such as Xiaomi, Doogee, Gionee, UMI, Elephone, Ulephone and so on, which you (and, indeed, we) have never come across before, but are gaining more market traction both inside and outside the UK than ever before. Not only do these phones have great specs and low prices, they are typically dual-SIM too, which is becoming more and more popular in the UK. But until these brands officially release products to the UK market, the grey market is often your only option if you wish to buy them. 

Should you buy grey market tech? What is the grey market? 

First, let's clear up an important issue: the grey market is not illegal. It is sometimes referred to as a parallel market, which is in fact a clearer representation of what it is. The grey market is a channel through which goods are imported by distributors not authorised by the manufacturer. It allows UK consumers to purchase products that are not intended to be sold in the UK market, and at the lower prices typically paid overseas. 

The grey market differs from the black- or underground market in that these goods are not illegal to buy in the UK. They are merely not intended to be sold here. However, while you are not breaking the law by buying grey market goods, there are some points you may like to consider, as we'll outline below. 

Should you buy grey market tech? UK shipping and Customs charges 

Should you buy grey market tech? The pros, cons and risks of buying cheap phones and other electronic goods from overseas markets. How to buy cheap phones from China

While grey market sites offer free shipping to the UK, they do not pay any import duty charged by UK Customs when sending products from their depots. They ship to a number of countries and each has different import rules. 

"When you buy from GeekBuying, you are importing, and you are the importer who is responsible for the goods when the goods pass through Customs in your destination country," it states on Geekbuying's terms and conditions. 

So, Customs charges are your problem. And if Customs gets in touch to say it has your package then you won't receive it until you have paid up - in our experience you have 20 days to do so. If you fail to do so your package may be destroyed; if it is returned to sender you will find yourself responsible for the return costs. 

Whether or not your parcel is picked up by Customs is very much a lucky dip, but legally the charges should be paid. Our best advice is to expect to pay import VAT, and include it in your calculation of the device's total price. 

You can read more about calculating Import VAT over on the gov.uk website. 

It's worth pointing out, however, that some grey market sites have EU- as well as Chinese warehouses. For example, Coolicool has warehouses in Germany, Spain and Italy. On buying products residing in these warehouses it says you won't have to pay Customs charges. 

Grey market sites are usually willing to meet any special packing or labelling instructions you may have. For those products sent by airmail you may find your product marked up as of low value or a gift, although you should know that this will not make them exempt from UK Customs charges if they are found and opened. 

Should you buy grey market tech? Packaging 

In our experience grey market products are incredibly well packaged, with monster bubble wrap. (Nobody in the office knows the correct name for this type of packaging, although there were some interesting suggestions, so we took a photo and you can see for yourself what it is.) The chances of your device being damaged during delivery is very small which, given the postage charges, is in everybody's best interests.

Should you buy grey market tech? The pros, cons and risks of buying cheap phones and other electronic goods from overseas markets. How to buy cheap phones from China 

Should you buy grey market tech? Delivery times to the UK 

Don't expect next-day delivery from these websites, although delivery is faster than you might expect. For example, Coolicool sent us an Elephone P5000 last Wednesday, and we received it on Monday. This was sent via DHL, which is the fastest method of delivery, but products may also be shipped via regular- and registered airmail, which takes longer - perhaps as long as two weeks. 

Also keep in mind that if your parcel is intercepted by Customs you should expect a longer delay. 

Should you buy grey market tech? Product pricing 

When looking at a product on a grey market site look for a toggle at the top of the page to switch the currency to UK Sterling. Prices will otherwise be listed in US dollars. If there is no way to switch the currency you can calculate the approximate UK cost by using Google Search's built-in currency converter. Just type into the search bar 'convert $X to £' and hit Enter for an instant conversion. 

You'll find prices are significantly cheaper than they are in the UK. Part of the reason for this is that products sold in the UK often have a significant markup in price. No doubt you'll have noticed that a product may go on sale in the US for $300, and at the same time in the UK for £300, despite the fact right now there is $1.54 to the pound. We've all heard the argument about US prices not including local taxes and VAT, but even so there is clearly some markup in the price. The grey market removes this markup, allowing UK consumers to buy goods at overseas prices.  

One thing you should note, though, is that prices can go up and down on a daily basis. You'll drive yourself mad wondering what's the best price, so instead look at the current price and decide whether it's a price you're willing to pay for the goods on offer, then just buy the thing. 

Should you buy grey market tech? Will these products work in the UK? 

Given that these products usually aren't intended to be sold in the UK, it's understandable that some may not work as expected over here. However, given the correct mains adaptor, the majority of tech products will work in any country - it's no different to taking your tech abroad when you go on holiday. In our experience most grey market sites will also supply a three-pin adaptor if you let them know you need one. 

One type of device with which it's particularly important to check the specs is smartphones. UK networks operate on different frequency bands to overseas operators, so it's crucial that you check which bands a phone supports and on which bands your network operates. If a phone claims to support the fastest 4G it will be useless to you if your own network doesn't support the frequency, for example. 

In the UK the big four operate on the following frequencies: EE operates on 1800MHz 2G, 2100MHz 3G, and 800MHz, 1800MHz and 2600MHz 4G; Three operates on 900MHz and 1800MHz 2G, 2100MHz 3G, and 1800MHz and 2600MHz 4G; Vodafone operates on 900MHz and 1800MHz 2G, 900MHz and 2100MHz 3G, and 800MHz and 2600MHz 4G; O2 operates on 900MHz and 1800MHz 2G, 900MHz and 2100MHz 3G, and 800MHz 4G. Read more about how to tell whether a phone is supported by your network here. 

If you're buying a phone, tablet or other Android device, also keep in mind that it will most likely be rooted. That's not a particular concern for tech enthusiasts (some may even appreciate the fact they won't have to root it themselves), but newbies should note this rules out OTA OS updates. Click here for more details on rooting Android. 

On the subject of OS updates, there is no guarantee any updates will be offered. However, since writing our UMI Zero smartphone review UMI got in touch to let us know that an update was available. Whether software updates will be available for your device will very much depend on the device in question. 

Another key consideration is not whether a product will work in the UK but whether it is allowed to work in the UK. It's your responsibility to check the legalities surrounding the shipping of a specific device to the UK - if it's legal to buy in China but illegal to ship to the UK then that's your problem. The supplier takes no responsibility. 

Should you buy grey market tech? Are these products fake? 

Not according to Coolicool, who claims its products are 100 percent authentic. Would you know if they weren't? Probably not. (We've written a separate article about how to spot fake tech.) 

Should you buy grey market tech? Returns policies 

This is perhaps the biggest risk of buying from the grey market: what if your device is faulty? When buying products from overseas you are not covered by EU regulations. Bear in mind that when dealing with customer services the language barrier may also become an issue, depending on the site in question. 

Receiving faulty goods is actually something we've experienced first hand, having received a faulty drone from GearBest. We've attempted to return the product three times and each time it has been redelivered to the office. 

On the whole devices will not be faulty. As we've mentioned they are incredibly well packaged, and each product is checked before it is sent out to avoid the dramas surrounding returns. Even so, it's important that you check the returns policy of the site in question before you buy.  

Should you buy grey market tech? The pros, cons and risks of buying cheap phones and other electronic goods from overseas markets. How to buy cheap phones from China

Using Geekbuying as an example, it offers a one-year warranty on all consumer electronics, meaning you can return the products for repair up to one year after its delivery date. If products have been mis-used, taken apart or water-damaged the warranty will be void, and it won't cover motherboard- or screen replacement. If a product is scratched or its appearance damaged Geekbuying will deduct 20 percent of the value when providing a refund, too. 

Geekbuying pays the return costs for products that are dead-on-arrival, but you will be liable for some of the cost when returning items under warranty. Within the first month Geekbuying will pay the shipping costs, but you'll be refunded for them partly in Geekbuying coupons and partly in cash to your PayPal account. Between one- and six months you will have to pay to return the item, but Geekbuying will ship you the repaired item for free. Between six- and 12 months you pay the cost of returning the item and having it redelivered following the repair. 

If an item is faulty on arrival you have two days to get in touch with customer service, providing them with photographic evidence. If the packaging is faulty you will also need to file a complaint with the courier. If an item is of high value you may be asked to send it back to Geekbuying before they are able to issue a refund or replacement (and there is always a chance it could go missing on its return journey). 

If you've been sent the wrong item and can provide photographic evidence, Geekbuying will offer to refund you 10 percent of the item value because it's a cheaper solution than you returning the item and it shipping you the correct item. If you're not happy with this it will of course send you the correct item at its cost. 

If you're returning an item simply because you don't like it (you have up to seven days to decide), you will be responsible for the round-trip shipping. That will be expensive, so make sure you really want a product before you click to buy it. 

Should you buy grey market tech? Conclusion 

Buying grey market tech is not for everyone, and it's clear there is some risk involved. You might get a great deal on a cheap phone, or you might get a headache that won't disappear for several weeks. Many people have great experiences in buying grey market tech (us included), but there are also some horror stories to be told. Now armed with the facts you can make an informed decision about whether buying grey market tech or cheap goods from China is an attractive solution for you. 

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